English indices of deprivation

Multiple Deprivation Index is a study of deprivation areas in the UK. As of 2007 this is split into 3 separate datasets, collected separately for England, Scotland and Wales; losing some consistency on when the dataset is taken and what stats are included.

Each dataset is a composite of several statistics which may be applicable separately, although they are not separately catalogued. The "MD20" and “MD40” aka the most deprived 20% and 40% of areas lists is derived from this. Note there are several different modes of access, including post code..

Scotland latest data set released in 2012 with update in 2016 Wales latest data set released 2015 England latest data set released in 2015

Data Content


XLSX, XML, CSV depending on area. Key entities and code lists (integration and data-linking potential) The key entity is the layer super output areas (LSOA) key for linking to other geographical regional datasets. Geographical region Local authority region

Data issues?

Lost some consistency now data is collected separately. Different areas have different tools to help navigate the data.


Record for each LSOA neighborhood (32,844 records for England) have been divided according to their deprivation rank into 10 equal groups.

Ranked on ‘domains of deprivation’: Income Deprivation Employment Deprivation Education, Skills and Training Deprivation Health Deprivation and Disability Crime Barriers to Housing and Services Living Environment Deprivation

Some data has been updated for the following aggregations: Communities First clusters; Deprivation Tenths; Local Authorities; Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOA) (2011 Census); Middle-layer Super Output Areas (MSOA) (2011 Census); Strategic Regeneration area; Urban/ Rural Classification; and Urban/ Rural Classification in each Local Authority.

Potential Applications

Relevance to existing user story (or variation)


Tableau data-source label


SIMD_ALL_2012 (Scotland)


Northern Ireland IMD MDM 2010

Outstanding Issues

Strong recommendation to read technical documentation to understand measurements.

3 areas taken at slightly different times, waiting for Scottish update 2016. Possible Action in the Context of the Jisc Agile BI Projects

See also: Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation & Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Source https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/english-indices-of-deprivation
Last Updated 20 May 2016, 11:43 (UTC)
Created 19 May 2016, 14:30 (UTC)